Francesco Agostinelli
Ciro Avitable
Matteo Bobba

A two-year randomized evaluation shows that the effectiveness of mobile mentors on schooling outcomes crucially depends on their training. While a standard training modality in highly marginalized communities in Mexico generates null results, enhanced training yields sizable treatment effects on primary school children's cognitive, behavioral, and educational achievements. This difference cannot be explained by remedial educational activities or pedagogical support, but it can be reconciled with higher parental aspirations and investments. Evidence gathered on the subsequent national roll out of the intervention with enhanced training substantiates the scalability of the experimental design.

Publication Type  
Working Paper
File Description  
First version, March 22, 2021
JEL Codes  
H43: Project Evaluation; Social Discount Rate
I10: Health, Education, and Welfare, General
I20: Education and Research Institutions: General
I38: Welfare and Poverty: Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
educational investments
family investments
remedial education
pedagogical practices
scaling-up effects