In their new report in Science, HCEO co-Director James J. Heckman, Health Inequality member Gabriella Conti, Early Childhood Interventions co-leader Seong Moon, Early Childhood Interventions members Rodrigo Pinto, Frances Campbell, and Elizabeth Pungello, et al, report on the long-term health effects of one of the oldest and most heavily cited early childhood interventions with long-term follow-up evaluated by the method of randomization: the Carolina Abecedarian Project. Based on more than three decades of studying children in and out of the Abecedarian program in North Carolina, this new research shows that children who participated in early childhood development programs, which combined early education with early health screenings and nutrition, have a significantly lower prevalence of risk factors for cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, such as stroke and diabetes. Read the article at Science. Read the New York Times' article on this research.