Author(s)  
Pablo Celhay
Sebastian Gallegos

This paper examines the effects of early skill advantages on parental beliefs, investments, and children’s educational outcomes measured up to age 27. We exploit exogenous variation in skills due to school entry rules, combining 20 years of Chilean administrative records with a regression discontinuity design. Our results show that these rules change parental beliefs and influence their material investments. Children benefited from the early skill advantage have higher in-school performance and college entrance scores, and sizable effects on college attendance and enrollment at selective institutions. These long-run effects are more pronounced for low-income families, and likely mediated by parental beliefs and investments.

Publication Type  
Working Paper
File Description  
Second version, May 2022
JEL Codes  
I21: Analysis of Education
I26: Returns to Education
I28: Education: Government Policy
J24: Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
J31: Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
Keywords  
early life shocks
long-run outcomes
skills
parental investments
college attendance
test scores
low income
developing countries