Author(s)  
Bart Golsteyn, Anders Stenberg

Two common hypotheses regarding the relative benefits of vocational versus general education are (1) that vocational skills enhance relative short-term earnings and (2) that general skills enhance relative long-term earnings. Empirical evidence for these hypotheses has remained limited. Based on Swedish registry data of individuals in short (2-year) upper secondary school programs, this study provides a first exploration of individuals’ earnings across nearly complete careers. The descriptive earnings patterns indicate support for both hypotheses (1) and (2). The support holds when controlling for GPA and family fixed effects and also when taking into account enrollment in further education and fertility decisions.

JEL Codes  
J24: Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
J64: Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
J31: Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
I20: Education and Research Institutions: General
Keywords  
human capital
vocational education
life cycle
tracking