Author(s)  
Malte Sandner

This paper presents the results of a randomized study of a home visiting program implemented in Germany for low-income, first-time mothers. A major goal of the program is to improve the participants’ economic self-sufficiency and family planning. I use administrative data from the German social security system and detailed telephone surveys to examine the effects of the intervention on maternal employment, welfare benefits, and household composition. The study reveals that the intervention unintentionally decreased maternal employment by 8.7 percentage points and increased subsequent births by 6.6 percentage points, in part through a reduction in abortions.

JEL Codes  
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J12: Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure; Domestic Abuse
I21: Analysis of Education
H52: National Government Expenditures and Education
Keywords  
early childhood intervention
randomized experiment
fertility