Author(s)  
Daniel Hackman, Martha Farah, Michael Meaney

Human brain development occurs within a socioeconomic context and childhood socioeconomic status (SES) influences neural development, particularly the systems subserving language and executive function. Research with humans and animal models implicates prenatal factors, parent-child interactions and cognitive stimulation in the home environment in the effects of SES on neural development. These findings provide a unique opportunity for understanding how environmental factors can lead to individual differences in brain development and for improving programmes and policies designed to alleviate SES-related disparities in mental health and academic achievement.

Publication Type  
Article
Journal  
Nature Reviews Neuroscience
Volume  
11
Issue Number  
9
Pages  
651-659
Keywords  
poverty
socioeconomic status
brain