Author(s)  
Carol Graham
Julia Ruiz Pozuelo
Using a novel panel survey of relatively poor urban Peruvian adolescents, we explore the link between three type of aspirations (educational, occupational, and aspirations to migrate) and individual’s propensity to invest in the future. We found remarkably high education aspirations, even among relatively poor individuals and adolescents that were exposed to negative shocks in the past, suggesting high levels of resilience among our sample. We also find that aspirations are quite stable over time, and positively associated with personality traits such as self-efficacy, life satisfaction, and locus of control, which helps explain their persistence over time. Finally, we find that high aspirations are strongly associated with positive future outcomes such as higher investments in education and less engagement in risky behaviors such as unsafe sex and binge drinking.
Publication Type  
Working Paper
File Description  
First version, January 2021
JEL Codes  
I24: Education and Inequality
I20: Education and Research Institutions: General
J24: Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
Keywords  
adolescents
aspirations
human capital outcomes
risky behavior
Peru