Martha Bailey, Olga Malkova, Zoë M. McLaren

This paper examines the relationship between parents’ access to family planning and the economic resources of their children. Using the county-level introduction of U.S. family planning programs between 1964 and 1973, we find that children born after programs began had 2.8% higher household incomes. They were also 7% less likely to live in poverty and 12% less likely to live in households receiving public assistance. After accounting for selection, the direct effects of family planning programs on parents’ incomes account for roughly two thirds of these gains.

JEL Codes
I30: Welfare and Poverty: General
J13: Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
J18: Demographic Economics: Public Policy
family planning