Francesco Agostinelli
Ciro Avitable
Matteo Bobba

This paper provides novel insights into the science of scaling by examining an educational mentoring program in Mexico. The analysis encompasses two independent fi eld experiments, and seizes a unique opportunity to learn from the government's implementation of the same intervention. While the program originally implemented at scale demonstrates limited effectiveness, the introduction of a new modality with enhanced mentor training significantly improves children's outcomes. Mentor-parent interactions are found to stimulate parental engagement at the community-school level, which emerges as a critical factor for the scalability of the program. Our findings offer compelling evidence on the socially determined drivers of education interventions at scale.

Publication Type
Working Paper
File Description
Fourth version, October 14, 2023
JEL Codes
C90: Design of Experiments: General
C93: Field Experiments
D02: Institutions: Design; Formation; and Operations
I30: Welfare and Poverty: General
J10: Demographic Economics: General
childrens skills
parental investments
community engagement
science of scaling