Author(s)  
Oksana Leukhina
Zhixiu Yu
Between the months of February and April of 2020, average weekly market hours dropped by 6.25, meanwhile 35% of commuting workers reported switching to remote work arrangements. In this paper, we examine implications of these changes for the time allocation of different households, and on aggregate. We estimate that home production activity increased by 2.1 hours a week, or 34% of lost market hours, whereas leisure activity increased by 3.8 hours a week. The monthly value of home production increased by $30.83 billion – that is 10.5% of the concurrent $292.61 billion drop in monthly GDP. Although market hours declined the most for single, less educated individuals, the lost market hours were absorbed into home production the most by married individuals with children.
Publication Type  
Working Paper
File Description  
First version, August 10, 2020
JEL Codes  
D13: Household Production and Intrahousehold Allocation
E32: Business Fluctuations; Cycles
J22: Time Allocation and Labor Supply
Keywords  
shutdown
COVID-19
pandemic
Home Production
remote work