This conference advanced our understanding of the factors and behaviors influencing human capital formation over the life cycle and the policies and interventions that are most effective in fostering human capital investment. Participants studied the implications of heterogenous human capital investment on inequality and the implied evolution of inequality over the life cycle. By bringing together leading researchers from microeconomics, macroeconomics, and econometrics working on human capital, workshop participants productively shared ideas and built on each others' findings.