Research is developing rapidly during the COVID-19 pandemic, a time when the public needs access to factual information. Many HCEO members are at the forefront of coronavirus-related research, examining areas ranging from unemployment numbers to the healthcare system to housing policy. Below you can find links to a range of research and writing from our members. We will update with new research as it becomes available.
COVID Inequality Project, from ECI network member Teodora Boneva, SSSI alums Christopher Rauh and Abi Adams-Prassl
- America's inequalities are being further increased by COVID-19
- Teodora Boneva and colleagues on the large and unequal impact of COVID-19 on workers
- Inequality in the Impact of the Coronavirus Shock: Evidence from Real Time Surveys - In this working paper, Abi Adams-Prassl, Teodora Boneva, Marta Golin, and Christopher Rauh show that, in the US and UK, the impacts of COVID-19 containment measures are highly unequal and exacerbate existing inequalities
- The Impact of the Coronavirus Lockdown on Mental Health: Evidence from the US, by ECI network member Teodora Boneva and co-authors
COVID-19: Exacerbating Educational Inequalities? by ECI network member Orla Doyle
Family Life in Lockdown In this HCEO working paper, ECI/HI network member Pietro Biroli and co-authors studied how the pandemic-related change in people's daily routines contributed to gender inequality within the household
Women’s Work, Housework and Childcare, Before and During COVID-19 In this HCEO working paper, FI/ECI network member Daniela Del Boca and co-authors show that most of the additional workload associated to COVID-19 falls on women, while childcare activities are more equally shared within the couple than housework activities.
Gender Inequality in COVID-19 Times: Evidence from UK Prolific Participants FI network members Climent Quintana-Domeque and Sonia Oreffice investigate gender differences across socioeconomic and wellbeing dimensions after three months of lockdown in the UK.
COVID-19 and Mental Health Deterioration among BAME groups in the UK FI network member Climent Quintana-Domeque and Eugenio Proto assess and quantify changes in mental health among ethnic groups in the UK in this HCEO working paper.
Coping with COVID-19: Implications of Differences in Resilience across Racial Groups for Mental Health and Well-being In this HCEO working paper, MIP network member Carol Graham and co-authors find that despite extreme income and health disparities before and during the COVID-19 outbreak, Blacks and Latinos remain more resilient and optimistic than their white counterparts.
MIP network member Manasi Deshpande spoke to the New York Times about how the closure of Social Security field offices, all of which were closed during the pandemic, disproportionately discourages impacts low-income people from applying.
Research by Markets network member Matthias Doepke and co-authors on how COVID-19 is exacerbating inequalities in education was featured in The Economist
Supporting parents and children in the early years during (and after) the COVID-19 crisis, by HI network member Gabriella Conti
On University College London's COVID-19 podcast, HI network member Gabriella Conti discusses the effects of the coronavirus on inequality, mothers, and children
Child Care is Key to Our Economic Recovery This report, authored by MIP network member Aaron Sojourner, the National Women's Law Center, and the Center for Law and Social Policy, finds that at least $9.6 billion is needed each month to fully fund existing providers in the child care system during the coronavirus pandemic.
- This report has been cited in the Washington Post, CNBC, and Bloomberg Law, among other news outlets.
The Long-Term Distributional and Welfare Effects of COVID-19 School Closures by Markets network members Nicola Fuchs-Schündeln, Dirk Krueger, Alexander Ludwig, and Irina Popova
A new proposal from MIP network member Aaron Sojourner and Elizabeth E. Davis posits that the government should provide every American family with access to high-quality, affordable early childhood care and education services.
Unemployment and Markets
- In advance of each week’s release, MIP network members Aaron Sojourner and Paul Goldsmith-Pinkham construct harmonized news-based measures of UI claims in a state over various sets of consecutive days. They forecast state and national UI claims using the estimated daily model.
Markets can improve rationing of medical supplies, writes MIP network leader Scott Kominers
Price gouging represents a shift in essential goods from the poor to the wealthy at the worst time, according to Scott Kominers
Paying It Backward and Forward: Expanding Access to Convalescent Plasma Therapy Through Market Design, by HCEO members Scott Kominers and Parag Pathak, and co-authors
Health versus Wealth: On the Distributional Effects of Controlling a Pandemic In this HCEO working paper, Markets network members Andy Glover and Dirk Krueger and co-authors study the optimal economic mitigation policy of a utilitarian government that can redistribute across individuals.
Sectoral Digital Intensity and GDP Growth After a Large Employment Shock: A Simple Extrapolation Exercise This HCEO working paper, by Markets network member Giovanni Gallipoli and Christos Makridis, looks at how coronavirus has affected output and employment, mediated by the digital economy.
US Unemployment Insurance Replacement Rates During the Pandemic In this paper, Markets network member Peter Ganong and co-authors Pascal Noel and Joseph Vavra use micro data on earnings along with the details of each state's UI system under the CARES Act to compute the entire distribution of current UI benefits. They find that two-thirds of UI eligible workers can receive benefits that exceed lost earnings.
- This work has been featured on CNBC, the New York Times, NPR, and the Financial Times, among other outlets.
This Time It’s Different: The Role of Women’s Employment in a Pandemic Recession by FI/Markets network member Michèle Tertilt, Markets network member Matthias Doepke, and co-authors
Home Production and Leisure During the COVID-19 Recession by FI/Markets network member Oksana Leukhina and Zhixiu Yu
Spending and Job Search Impacts of Expanded Unemployment Benefits: Evidence from Administrative Micro Data by Markets network member Peter Ganong and co-authors Fiona Greig, Max Liebeskind, Pascal Noel, Daniel M. Sullivan, and Joseph Vavra
Who's In and Who's Out Under Workplace Covid Symptom Screeing, by MIP network member Aaron Sojourner and co-authors Krista Ruffini and Abigail Wozniak
From Mancession to Shecession: Women’s Employment in Regular and Pandemic Recessions, by Markets/FI network member Michèle Tertilt, Markets network member Matthias Doepke, and co-authors
Information and Misinformation
The Relation between Media Consumption and Misinformation at the Outset of the SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic in the US, by Kathleen Hall Jamieson IP network member Dolores Albarracin
Demand for protective gear and Covid-19 information in the UK, by FI network members Climent Quintana-Domeque and Sonia Oreffice
Impact in China
China’s early warning system didn’t work on COVID-19, writes MIP network member Dali Yang
COVID-19 is a global problem that needs a global solution, says Markets network member Raghuram Rajan
- To better understand the steps states have taken to prevent homelessness during and after the pandemic, the Eviction Lab, directed by MIP network member Matthew Desmond, and Columbia Law School’s Professor Emily Benfer have developed a policy scorecard for each state, distilling the contents of thousands of newly-released emergency orders, declarations, and legislation into a clear set of critical measures included in, and left out of, state-level pandemic responses related to eviction and housing.
Optimal Management of an Epidemic: An Application to COVID-19. A Progress Report, by Markets network member Carlos Garriga, Rody Manuelli, and Siddhartha Sanghi
MIP network member Matthew Desmond spoke to NPR about what states are doing to help renters
An SEIR Infectious Disease Model with Testing and Conditional Quarantine, HCEO working paper by Markets network member Kyle Herkenhoff, Simon Mongey, and David Berger
Effect of Universal TB Vaccination and Other Policy-Relevant Factors on the Probability of Patient Death from COVID-19 In this HCEO working paper, MIP network member Amos Golan and co-authors work to identify underlying policy-relevant factors that could be leveraged to decrease future COVID-19 death rates.
The implications of silent transmission for the control of COVID-19 outbreaks HI network leader Burton Singer and co-authors find that symptom-based isolation must be supplemented by rapid contact tracing and testing that identifies asymptomatic and presymptomatic cases, in order to safely lift current restrictions and minimize the risk of resurgence.
Demand for COVID-19 Antibody Testing and Why It Should Be Free In this HCEO working paper, MIP network member Nora Szech and Marta Serra-Garcia study individual demand for COVID-19 antibody tests in an incentivized study on a representative sample of the US population.
Predictors of Social Distancing and Mask-Wearing Behavior: Panel Survey in Seven U.S. States by ECI network member Plamen Nikolov and co-authors
In this HCEO working paper, MIP network member Nora Szech and Marta Serra-Garcia study the effects of two measures to increase vaccination and testing: "choice architecture" and monetary compensations.