Working Papers

By the time children start school, socio-economic gaps are evident in child skills. We document a causal effect of a reform to mothers' education on her child's skills and use mediation analysis to explore the role of parental inputs as mechanisms.

We find substantial and statistically significant detrimental effects of fathers' multiple-partner fertility (MPF) on children's educational outcomes.

While many studies have shown that parental skills are important for child outcomes, whether this derives from non-genetic mechanisms is less clear.

Aging populations in developing countries have spurred the introduction of public pension programs to preserve the standard of living for the elderly.

Improving productivity among microenterprises is important, especially in low-income countries where market imperfections are pervasive, and resources are scarce. Relaxing credit constraints can increase the productivity of microenterprises.

Prior research has shown that time spent in school does not close the achievement gap between students with low and high socioeconomic status (SES).

We identify the causal effect of mothers' mental health during early -  and soon after pregnancy on a range of child psychological, socio-emotional and cognitive outcomes measured between ages 4-16.